Pecan trees are highly adapted to a variety of conditions. They are also one of the healthiest nuts. To produce a good crop, pecan trees need a long growing season and sufficient moisture. A mature tree will produce 40 to 50 pounds of pecans per year. When a tree reaches its full production age, it will need about 200 gallons of water a day. Watering can vary depending on the season and the age of the tree.
Pecan trees are wind-pollinated, so they need to be planted near other cultivars for cross-pollination. The ideal location for planting pecan trees is in an area where the soil is rich and drains well. These trees prefer to be planted in sandy or silty loams. It is also recommended that the soil has a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. In addition, pecans grow best in warm, humid climates.
Pecan trees typically begin producing nuts at around 6 to 10 years of age. However, in some cases, trees may start producing in as little as four years. This is because the tree’s root system develops much earlier in the early years of growth. During this time, it is important to give the tree a lot of water and fertilization. Throughout its lifetime, the tree will be pruned, and it may need corrective pruning.
As the pecan tree grows, its trunk will expand up to about 70 feet wide. In order to maintain this width, the tap root will grow straight down into the ground, with a diameter of about two and a half inches. If the tree is planted in a container, its root system will not form a taproot.
The length of time it takes for a pecan tree to produce nuts varies, depending on the type of tree. Some cultivars produce nuts for a decade or more, while others will bear for just a few years. Also, the amount of nuts produced depends on the size of the tree and its age. For instance, trees with a large root system tend to produce more nuts than other varieties. On the other hand, smaller trees may be more susceptible to pests.
Pecan trees require an extended growing season, from 270 to 290 frost-free days. They prefer moist, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. Young pecan trees can be watered by rainfall, but more extensive irrigation is necessary for mature trees.
A mature tree will need about two inches of water a week from April through October. In addition to that, it will need a weed-free zone around its base. If a weed-free zone is not created, the grass can compete with the tree for nutrients. Drip irrigation is a great option for these trees.
Pecans are a great addition to landscapes, and you will enjoy them for decades to come. Whether you are growing pecans for the first time or just want to get more nuts out of your existing tree, a little effort and patience can make all the difference.